Rent-setting (also spelled as rent setting; simplified Chinese: 设租; traditional Chinese: 設租), also known as rent-creating,  refers to the act of governments or bureaucrats using their power to intervene in the market, resulting in the formation of new economic rents and creating rent-seeking opportunities for certain market entities. In short, it means that the power itself committed an act in order to take a bribe.
The concept of rent-setting was coined by Appelbaum and Katz in 1987. This theory holds that since the regulator itself may become a rent-seeker, the rent-seeker itself will become a rent-setter and thus endogenously determine the size of the rent.
In a 'power-money' transaction, rent-setting is from 'power' to 'money', while rent-seeking is often 'money-power-money increment'.  In fact, rent seeking and rent setting are two sides of the same behavior and cannot be separated. 
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