According to several public surveys in Kosovo and reports from institutions such as the European Commission, levels of corruption and impunity among politicians are high.[1]

Perceptions[edit]

On Transparency International's 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index, Kosovo scored 39 on a scale from 0 ("highly corrupt") to 100 ("highly clean"). When ranked by score, Kosovo ranked 87th among the 180 countries in the Index, where the country ranked first is perceived to have the most honest public sector. [2] For comparison, the best score was 88 (ranked 1), and the worst score was 11 (ranked 180).[3]

Dynamics[edit]

The European Commission reports that electoral fraud persists in Kosovo representing serious shortcomings in the electoral process. Transparency International Global Corruption Barometer 2013 points out that political parties are considered the second most corrupt institution in Kosovo by a significantly high number of households, second only to the judiciary.[1]

Corruption is considered the largest obstacle to doing business in Kosovo, and businesses frequently resort to bribes when interacting with public officials. Sectors such as customs, manufacturing, electricity, gas and water supply are identified as those most affected by corruption. There are a number of burdensome and costly procedures for companies to undergo in order to obtain business licences and permits, these lead to increased opportunities for corruption.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Commission Communication on a Feasibility Study for a Stabilisation and Association Agreement between the European Union and Kosovo" (PDF). The European Commission. Retrieved 6 February 2014.
  2. ^ "The ABCs of the CPI: How the Corruption Perceptions Index is calculated". Transparency.org. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  3. ^ "Corruption Perceptions Index 2021: Kosovo". Transparency.org. Retrieved 30 November 2022.
  4. ^ "Kosovo Corruption Profile". Business Anti-Corruption Portal. Archived from the original on 14 July 2015. Retrieved 14 July 2015.

External links[edit]