Crime in Hungary is combated by the Hungarian police and other agencies.

By type[edit]

Corruption[edit]

Corruption in Hungary is one of the highest for a European Union member state.[1][2][3] In 2019, Freedom House downgraded Hungary's status from Free to Partly Free "due to sustained attacks on the country’s democratic institutions by Prime Minister Viktor Orbán’s Fidesz party, which has used its parliamentary supermajority to impose restrictions on or assert control over the opposition, the media, religious groups, academia, NGOs, the courts, asylum seekers, and the private sector since 2010".[4] This was the first time a member of the European Union was designated as Partly Free.[5] In response the Hungarian government stated that "Freedom House is a member of the Soros-empire, is funded by Soros, and is now supporting Soros's electoral campaign. They are attacking Hungary with other Soros-organisations because the Hungarians have decided that they do not want their country to become a migrant haven."[6]

In Transparency International's 2021 Corruption Perceptions Index, Hungary's score has decreased by twelve points over the last ten years. In 2021, the Index scored Hungary at 43 on a scale from 0 ("highly corrupt") to 100 ("highly clean"). When ranked by score, Hungary ranked 73rd among the 180 countries in the Index, where the country ranked first is perceived to have the most honest public sector. [7] For comparison, the best score was 88 (ranked 1), and the worst score was 11 (ranked 180).[8]

Murder[edit]

In 2019, Hungary had 60 intentional homicides at a rate of 0.61 per 100,000 according to the office of the prosecutor general.[9] In 2020, the homicide rate was 0.83 per 100,000.[10]

General[edit]

Between 2008–2013, there were an average of 4,000 crimes against every 100,000 members of the population, of which at least 50% were considered serious crimes.[11] As of 2017 the number of crimes had fallen to 2,315 per 100,000.[9]

By location[edit]

Jozsef Hatala of the National Police (ORFK) stated in 2011 that the criminal underworld is strongest in Budapest and its surrounding counties. The murder rate is similar across the counties.[12] In 2016, northern Hungary had the highest number of registered perpetrators of crime per 100,000 inhabitants and Western Transdanubia the lowest.[13]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Hungary".
  2. ^ "EU report to rebuke Hungary over corruption, press freedom concerns". 20 July 2021.
  3. ^ "Q & A, Hosted by Jay Nordlinger: Afghanistan, Belarus, and Other Countries of Concern on Apple Podcasts".
  4. ^ "Hungary". freedomhouse.org. January 30, 2019.
  5. ^ "Hungary Becomes First 'Partly Free' EU Nation in Democracy Gauge". Bloomberg. 5 February 2019. Retrieved 7 January 2020.
  6. ^ "Kormányzat - Miniszterelnöki Kabinetiroda - Hírek". Kormany.hu. 2013-10-16. Retrieved 2019-09-23.
  7. ^ "The ABCs of the CPI: How the Corruption Perceptions Index is calculated". Transparency.org. Retrieved 24 November 2022.
  8. ^ "Corruption Perceptions Index 2021: Hungary". Transparency.org. Retrieved 27 November 2022.
  9. ^ a b "Tasks and activities of the Prosecution Service of Hungary in 2019" (PDF). ugyeszseg.hu. 2019. Retrieved 2020-10-25.
  10. ^ "DATAUNODC". Retrieved 10 January 2022.
  11. ^ "Hungary to boost police force | the Budapest Report". Archived from the original on 2011-04-26. Retrieved 2011-06-06.
  12. ^ Roser, Max (July 6, 2013). "Homicides". Our World in Data – via ourworldindata.org.
  13. ^ "Maps of Hungary – Justice". www.ksh.hu.